Ibn Majah
Biography of Ibn Majah

Muhammad ibn Yazid ibn Abdullah ibn Majah al--Qazwini
Born in 209 H
Travelled to Syria, Egypt, Hijaz, Rayy, Basrah and Baghdad in search of hadith
Died 273H

His Sources

Students of Imam Malik and Laith ibn Sa'ad

Features of His Collection

1. It is regarded as the sixth-ranked book of hadith by the majority of scholars
    For over 200 years after his collection was
    prepared, the Sunan was not given much recognition.
    In 507 H, Ibn Tahir al-Maqdisi referred to Sunan in his work: Syurut
    al-A'immah as-Sittah (Conditions of the Six Leaders)
    Although Ibn Hajar suggested that the sixth book should be Sunan
    ad-Daarimi, due to the smaller number of weak reporters and strange
    and very dubious narrations, the majority of scholars value it for the
    additional hadith not related by the other 5 hadith compilers.
    These types of hadith are classified as zawaid (additional hadith)

2. The inclusion of the weak hadith has made Ibn Majah the subject of
    criticism by people such as Ibn Jauzi in his Mauduuaat and ad-Dhahabi
    in Mizan al-I'tidal (cited by Dr Lutfi Sabbagh in al-Hadith an-Nabawi pg
    325)

Benefits of its Study

1. It is a comprehensive book covering the whole gamut of subjects
2. It is well arranged with chapters entitled with such brevity as to show
    the understanding and erudition of Ibn Majah and facilitates searching
    with relative ease.
3. The chapters are arranged according to a legal classification
3. Its zawaid (additional hadith not found in the other five collections)

Editions

The edition of Muhammad Fuad Abdul Baqi, first published in 1373H is
the most common in circulation and is in 2 volumes. All the hadith here
have been indexed alphabetically. He wrote a valuable section at the end
of the collection explaining the value of the Sunan, the status of Ibn Majah
among scholars and the editions he (Fuad Abdul Baqi) depended on for his
edition.

In 1403H, Shaikh Dr Muhammad Mustapha al-A'zumi produced an edition
in 2 volumes which contained 10 indices produced by the computer!

Perhaps the most meticulous edition is that of Dr Basshar Awwad Maaruf
first published in 1998

Number and Status of Hadith

4341 (according to Fuad)
4397 (according to A'zumi)

Status

According to Fuad Abdul Baqi:

3002 hadith are also recorded by the other 5 compilers and of the remaining 1339 ahadith:

428 hadith are sahih
199 hadith are hasan
613 hadith are weak
99 hadith are munkar or makdhub

Commentaries

Most of these commentaries are difficult to find.

1. Kamaluddin Muhammad Musa ad-Dumairi as-Shaafi
2. Ibrahim ibn Muhammad al-Halabi (d 841 H)
3. Imam al-Hafiz Jalaluddin as-Suyuthi (d 911H) called“Misbah az-Zujajah”
4. Muhammad ibn Haadi as-Sindi (1138H)
5. Sirajudin Umar ibn Mulaqqan.

    This was the commentary of Ibn Majah's zawaid, called
    "Ma Tammusu ilahi Hajah ala Sunan Ibn Majah" (What is
    Needed direly of Sunan Ibn Majah) and is in 8 volumes

6. Marginal Notes written by Shaikh Abdul Ghani
    ad-Dahlawi and printed with the Sunan together with the commentary of
    as-Suyuti and Fahrul Hasan al-Kankuhi. This edition is considered a poor
    edition in need of critical review

7. Ihdaa ad-Dibaajah by Safaa ad-Dawi Ahmad al-Adawi

    This work is valuable as it a modern work which contains the opinions of
    other scholars and is concise but precise. Adawi has called upon hundreds
    of sources and reproduced faithfully the statements of relevance. An
    interesting comment he makes is that he has not overlooked the state of
    the ummah while preparing this commentary rather he as brought attention
    to those hadith which refer to the current situation. Adawi has depended
    on the evaluation of the hadiths by Shaikh Albani

Other Works on the Sunan of Ibn Majah

1. Zawaid Ibn Majah alal Kutub al-Khamsah by Al-Busairi
2. Sahih and Daif Ubn majah of Shaikh Albani
3. Criticism of hadith among Muslims with reference to Sunan Ibn Majah by
    Shaikh Suhaib Abdul Ghafar Hassan




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